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Pinus canariensis

Canary Island Pine
  • Plant Type:
  • Tree
  • Evergreen-Deciduous:
  • Evergreen
  • Overall Mature Size:
  • Large
  • Mature Height & Spread :
  • 50-80' x 20-35'
  • Natural Growth Habit:
  • Conical
  • Native To:
  • Africa
  • Exposure:
  • Full Sun
  • Water:
  • Low Water
  • Special Features:
  • Attractive Bark, Attracts Birds/Butterflies, Deer Resistant, Desert Conditions, Drought Resistant, Seacoast Conditions
  • Container Sizes:
  • #15, 24" Box, 36" Box, 48" Box
  • Sunset Garden Zones:
  • 8, 9, 12-24
  • Minimum USDA Hardiness Zone:
  • 8


Pinus canariensis is among Boething Treeland Farms’ most requested evergreen trees. Native to Spain’s Canary Islands, this subtropical is among the most fire-resistant trees available making it popular in zones prone to wildfires. Naturally tall and straight to over 80 feet, it makes an excellent windbreak, park, lawn, or accent tree. Immature specimens look lanky in adolescence but a little patience and pruning yields very attractive results. Long (9-12”) needles that mature from blue green to deep green are soft and billowy in appearance. The cones average around 7 inches long and are an appealing shiny brown. Beautifully creased reddish brown and buff colored bark is particularly dramatic on mature trees. Pinus canariensis needs very little supplemental water in coastal regions but prefers some deep watering in land. Well-drained soils and slightly acidic soils are preferred. Its resistance to oak root fungus has increased its popularity of late. Excellent in Western Garden zones 8, 9, and 12-24, it is the largest pine in the Old World. P. canariensis was discovered by Norwegian botanist Christen Smith whose early death in the wilds of the Congo inspired Joseph Conrad’s “Heart of Darkness”.